Anterior Cervical Discectomy
A cervical disc herniation causing neck pain, arm pain and/or spinal cord compression can be removed through a small incision in the front of the neck. This relieves spinal cord and nerve root pressure and alleviates corresponding pain, weakness, numbness and tingling. This procedure is called an anterior cervical discectomy.
An artificial cervical disc may be inserted instead of performing a fusion
Cervical Disc Replacement
After an anterior cervical discectomy an artificial cervical disc may be inserted instead of performing a fusion under certain circumstances. This helps maintain the alignment and movement of the bones. This is also known as total disc arthroplasty.
Posterior Cervical Surgery
In some situations where there is severe arm pain and/or weakness, these symptoms may be relieved by decompressing the pinched nerve in the neck through a small incision in the back of the neck. This is commonly referred to as posterior cervical microdiscectomy or foramenotomy.
Anterior Cervical Fusion Procedure:
1. disc removed
2. graft inserted
3. stabilization device attached
Anterior Cervical Fusion
A fusion is almost always done at the same time as the anterior cervical discectomy in order to stabilize the cervical spine. This relieves pain associated with abnormal movement of the bones, all through a small incision in the front of the neck.